Origin of raw material
The bamboo specie used for the production of bamboo flooring is the Phyllostachys Edulis or more commonly called Moso Bamboo or Mao Bamboo, a kind of bamboo made up of lignin and cellulose from the far east. This kind of bamboo grows very fast in summer as it slows down during the winter months due to the cold, the thermal fallout during the various seasons makes the bamboo fibers very resistant giving the plant the main characteristics.
The process of transformation
The process required to transform bamboo poles into the floor requires first of all the selection of raw material that must never be collected too young to obtain a robust and superior quality product. Only after reaching the fifth year of age, the bamboo poles are collected and private in their bark, and then cut into lengths with stripes which will then be plated and made fit for assembly.
First of all, the bamboo poles are carefully selected depending on the height that must be between 15 and 20 meters and between 20 and 30 centimeters in diameter.
The next step is to cut the longitudinal strips to obtain the so-called strips that will undergo two different treatments depending on whether the final product is natural or evaporated CARAMEL.
Natural: The strips undergo a bath in hydrogen peroxide solution for a period of about 120 minutes at a temperature of about 90 ° C
Caramel: strips are subjected to steam cycles at a temperature of about 150 ° C for a duration of about 3 hours, this treatment gives the lamellas the classic tonality that gives rise to the bamboo name, caramel.
The two treatments as well as to stabilize the tonality are essential to eliminate sugar molecules and any parasites.
The purpose of this phase is to bring the relative humidity of the strips below 10%, a condition necessary to obtain stable semi-finished products and resistant to hygroscopic environmental changes
From poles to strips
After bamboo poles have been removed from their bark, they are engraved and cut longitudinally in order to obtain so many strips about three centimeters wide and about seven thick. The natural color of a light yellow is turned into darker colors called Caramel or Carbonized through various natural techniques in order to offer bamboo flooring in different colors.
From strips to floor
After cutting the poles the strips undergo the treatments to get the colorings and are assembled in order to get three basic structures Horizontal Vertical Strand Woven Hi Density.
Horizontal Structure (Plane pressed)
This structure gives rise to what is called a horizontal bamboo floor, also nicknamed wide-bamboo flooring. This type is characterized by the apparent conformation of repeated bamboo reeds.
Vertical Structure (Side Pressed)
This Structure gives rise to what is called Vertical bamboo flooring, also nicknamed bamboo side pressed floor. This typology is characterized by the evident conformation of small knots
Strand Woven Hi Density structure
This Structure gives rise to what is called Strand Woven Hi Density bamboo floor. This type is characterized by the dispersion of the classic knots of bamboo poles giving rise to the most resistant bamboo flooring
of the entire range, making it particularly suitable for high traffic environments.